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          意见 澳大利亚原住民宪法承认必须改变结构包括

          澳大利亚人一直在努力朝着有意义的改变了近十年。不能被恢复到象征性的承认出轨。

          从心脏乌鲁鲁声明

          从心脏月2017年,原住民习俗,澳大利亚乌鲁鲁中央发言。来自维基,下4.0 brownhoneyant立方厘米图像。

          在他的 缩小差距的讲话 议会上周,总理注射回一些秩序和透明度宪法识别过程。

          他下午挂靠政府对声音的协同设计工作,以政府回 2018议会调查 led by Senators Pat Dodson and Julian Leeser. By doing this, he recognised the trajectory of hard work undertaken by politicians 和 the public for nearly a decade.

          在宪法中承认联合专责委员会有关土著居民和托雷斯海峡岛民 回顾从心脏安理会报告公投和乌鲁鲁声明。它生产的最 最近的一份报告 在土著宪法承认的公共过程的一个长长的清单。

          在过去的九年里,五次正式一直在那里,纳税人资助的,政府认可的过程,一个法定的框架下, 土著居民和托雷斯海峡岛民认定法2013 (承认行为)和八份报告。

          游戏改变者,李瑟和多德森承认,是对安理会工作的公民投票。

          该多德森,李瑟该报告发现,语音议会​​(而不是政府)是继公投委员会的2016年和2017年它建议的审议过程中,唯一可行的改革建议:

          following a process of co-design, the Australian government consider, in a deliberate and timely manner, legislative, executive 和 constitutional options to establish the Voice.

          象征主义是不够的

          这就是为什么这么多的人都完全混淆当肯·怀亚特,部长澳大利亚原住民, 单方面决定 there would be a referendum on 土著 recognition with a symbolic proposal – likely a statement of recognition – that no one was advocating for.

          ESTA提案最近被宪法对话,并在2017年拒绝 从心脏乌鲁鲁声明。此外,它是之前在2015年拒绝 柯里比利声明.

          然后,上个月,部长宣布,在二零一2021举行的象征性公投雷打不动的最后期限。混乱统治。

          该 consistent rejection of symbolic recognition proposals is poorly understood. One of the challenges of this work has been the very word “recognition”, 同样采用当时的总理朱莉娅·吉拉德,2010年。

          “承认”是在宪法和政治学常用的术语,它在权力关系中一个技术性的意义。

          Recognition can come in a weak form, such as symbolism. (It’s weak because it does not change the status quo.) Or it can be a strong form, such as designated parliamentary seats, a voice or even an autonomous region.

          However, the dictionary meaning of recognition is “acknowledgement”. Until the Uluru Statement, in the absence of an agreed model of recognition, the public discussion on 土著 recognition reverted to this meaning – acknowledgement.

          502 Bad Gateway

          土著 leaders met Prime Minister Tony Abbott 和 Opposition Leader Bill Shorten to discuss constitutional recognition at Kirribilli in 2015. AAP/David Moir

          宪法改革的唯一可行的选择

          当关键时刻明文土著领导人否认了象征性的承认排在2015年。

          40名土著领导人提出的柯里比利收养声明。上面写着:

          […] [A]ny reform must involve substantive changes to the Australian Constitution. It must lay the foundation for the fair treatment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Isl和er peoples into the future.

          这种极简的方式来承认本章程规定的序言,排除 第25 和温和派力量比赛 部51(XXVI) 还远远不够,是不能接受的原住民和托雷斯海峡岛民。

          Dodson 和 Leeser’s report found the Voice was the only viable option for constitutional reform. 该 report recommended a co-design before deciding on the legal form.

          它不容易理解的声音,这是一个简单的实现宪法规定,被视为一个临界点 实质性和象征性的承认。

          在识别混合邮件

          502 Bad Gateway

          当选之后,不过,不太清楚成了问题。

          悦困惑,因为许多他的 不一致的公开声明. Unusually for an 土著 affairs minister, he did not reply to a letter from key Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders from land councils, native title bodies 和 peak organisations seeking a meeting to clarify his thinking until 我提示的由许多半月后.

          始于今年与部长陈述再次表明了宪法的声音makarrata佣金和讲真话是 从桌子上,Disavowing九年来的全部工作和乌鲁鲁声明。

          His co-design process talks of a “Voice to Government”, not a Voice to Parliament. 该 minister has also pre-empted the co-design by insisting the Voice to Government would use existing institutions 和 structures.

          这是乌鲁鲁对话的感悟,其中指出,没有任何组织或实体代表现有他们的声音完全相反。

          怀亚特对集合确定中期2021对提案公投雷打不动的最后期限想没有人扑朔迷离。

          他自己的党的房间说 他们没有被咨询 在这。创造了不必要的压力谈判任何政府很难设定时间表。它是为臣显着代言人 悄悄地缩回 那家公司的最后期限的第二天。

          在一个改革澳大利亚从来没有尝试过

          This week signifies a restoration of order to constitutional recognition. 该 prime minister 和 opposition leader 都 presented important speeches on 关闭所述间隙. Labor is consistently supportive of a constitutionally enshrined Voice.


          nginx
          土著发展战略关闭所述间隙,展示各国政府和官员不听我们的声音,并且可以提供不会改变。即便如此,他的介入受到欢迎的重要。

          In the absence of a constitutionally entrenched Voice, there is no obligation on the state to listen. I have consistently argued as a constitutional lawyer, as others have, that structural reform is what is required for transformative change.

          This is the one reform Australia has never tried. This is why the Uluru Statement invites all Australians to walk with us now for the structural change that many have been working hard on for almost a decade.

          梅根·戴维斯,法学教授, 太阳城网站网址

          本文来自转载 对话 根据创作共用许可证。阅读 来源文章.

          对话

           

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