蒂姆·哈考特, economic adviser to the 布莱克斯 Review, says the end of 霍尔登 reminds us of how the 汽车行业 can guarantee its future in Australia.
一般 Motors will be retiring the 霍尔登 brand in Australia and New Zealand. Credit: Shutterstock
该 汽车行业 in Australia has been in seemingly constant flux, especially during the major downsizing in the manufacturing sector over the years. Falls in sales and job cuts have dominated as the industry faces major disruptions and global competition.
其次，审查所提供的检修 汽车业竞争和投资计划 (ACIS) so that the industry could restructure to suit future conditions. 该 reforms ensured the industry could focus on innovation, R&D, excellence, and design, with an emphasis on skills and training.
Thirdly, the review recommended restructuring the industry’s role in the supply chain, drawing on strong design skills and intellectual property, and adjusting to an energy-efficient, low carbon future.
In Australia, the 汽车行业 is unique. It is not Detroit, and has Australian characteristics and capabilities.
I was struck at how GM and Ford told us that Australian automotive design skills were the best in the world, and that environmental innovation here was also world-leading.
In hindsight, we can be relieved that 布莱克斯 made those changes and that the final report was tabled in July 2008 before the collapse of Lehman Brothers.
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Fortunately, 布莱克斯 – like Button before him – avoided both extremes and instead advocated a moderate path of reform for the 汽车行业.
保护工作人员，而不是市场： It is better to improve workers’ skills than penalising consumers with high prices via tariffs. Tariff protection is like declaring war on your own people during peace time.
寻找在那里你必须在国内外具有竞争力的优势： Tap into global supply chains – Australia has strong R&D, design and innovation at home, and is therefore able to tap into global supply chains in countries such as Thailand.
准备工人和企业家对未来的低碳： Make sure workers have the skills that are in demand in a range of companies and industries and provide a strong open environment for entrepreneurs to invest and employ them.
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As Button knew, and 布莱克斯 knows, economic reform is not easy. You need a good feel for direction amidst regular renewal of strategy, tactics, maintenance and the constant changing of gears as global economic and environmental conditions change.